United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity has three main objectives: conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of the components of biological diversity and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. CBD was adopted in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (a.k.a. Earth Summit) of 1992 in Rio de Janerio, went into force in 1993, and was signed by Turkey to become a State Party in 1996.

CBD lays down guiding principles on invasive alien species. Article 8 “In-situ Conservation” requires Each Contracting Party, as far as possible and as appropriate, “(h) Prevent the introduction of, control or eradicate those alien species which threaten ecosystems, habitats or species”.

At the 10th Conference of the Parties, the Biodiversity Strategic Plan, and the 2020 Biodiversity Targets i.e. Aichi Targets were adopted primarily to stop biodiversity loss by 2020 in the world. The vision of the Strategic Plan is to create a world where “By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining eco system services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.” The Strategic Plan includes 20 targets by 2015 or 2020 (“Aichi Biodiversity Targets”) grouped under five strategic goals. Target 9 refers to marine invasive species.

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